23 Best Natural Wonders in India You Must See

23 Best Natural Wonders in India You Must See

These best natural wonders in India will leave you awestruck and induce a sudden urge to travel around India! Read through the list to know more.

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When we think of natural wonders, we usually think of the Grand Canyon, the Great Barrier Reef, Mount Everest, and the Amazon Rainforest. Closer to the home, you may found a treasure trove of breathtakingly gorgeous natural treasures. India boasts an incredible variety of natural beauties, making it one of the world’s most diverse countries in terms of geographical diversity. Some are well-known and indisputably magnificent, while others are lesser-known jewels. They all have one thing in common, though: they’ll steal your breath away! Here are some of the best natural wonders in India you must visit.

Best Natural Wonders in India

1. Lonar Lake

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The Lonar crater is the world’s youngest and most delicate preserved impact crater created in basalt rock and the only one of its kind. It happened when a massive meteor smashed on the earth’s surface, at an estimated speed of 90,000 kilometers per hour fifty-two thousand years ago.

A constant stream turned the crater into a calm, emerald green lake as the forest took over the significant depression. This forest-fringed lake (found in Maharashtra’s Buldhana District) is now a wildlife sanctuary with a distinct ecology that contrasts sharply with the surrounding flat environment. Its water is home to microorganisms found nowhere else on the planet and littered its surroundings with bits of uncommon minerals like maskelynite.

2. Magnetic hill

The Magnetic Hill (popularly known as “Gravity Hill”) on the Leh-Kargil Highway, roughly 30 kilometers (18.6 miles) from Leh City and at an elevation of 14,000 feet above sea level, is noted for its peculiar forces that appear to act in opposition to gravity. This location is said to cause optical illusions when you put your automobile in neutral, and the slope pulls the car upwards instead of downwards. Isn’t it strange? There are, however, a variety of ideas and beliefs that surround this mysterious occurrence.

3. Borra Caves

Even though most people have never visited a genuine cave in their life, those who have are forever captivated by the incredible exhibition of natural forces. The Borra caverns (found in the Ananthagiri hills of Andhra Pradesh’s Araku Valley) testament that great things may happen when water meets limestone.

The Borra cave, one of India’s deepest caverns, was formed millions of years ago by the karstic activity of the Gosthani river and featured some beautiful speleothems. And is linked to numerous tales among the indigenous tribes. Interestingly, excavations have uncovered stone artifacts from the middle Paleolithic culture, making the cave a significant resource for anthropological studies. It confirms human habitation in the area dating back to between 30,000 and 50,000 years ago.

4. The Valley of Flowers

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The Valley of Flowers is located 3,658 meters above sea level in Uttarakhand’s West Himalayan hills. A home to millions of exotic plants and endangered wildlife, as well as magnificent vistas and glistening streams.

The Valley of Flowers is a bouquet of nature softly nestled in the West Himalayan area of Uttarakhand, bestowed with unique and exotic Himalayan flora. The Valley of Flowers walk passes through lush forests and along the Pushpawati River, with several bridges, glaciers, and waterfalls along the way.

This stunning natural wonder is an Indian National Park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with lush meadows blooming with unique alpine flowers and varied wildlife.

5. Riverine Potholes of Nighoj

After visiting the town of Nighoj, it is a location that sticks with you long, thanks to a basalt-rock river bed hollowed out by ancient potholes like a massive piece of cheese. The waves of the river Kukdi carved out these pot-shaped craters (called kunds by locals) over thousands of years.

Swifts construct nesting colonies in the overhanging boulders of some of these 40-foot-deep craters. Because there isn’t much water in the river in the winter or summer, it will be an excellent time to visit Nighoj, roughly two hours from Pune. A tour to this geological wonder may be paired with a visit to Morachi Chincholi, a one-of-a-kind community where eco-conscious inhabitants live alongside hundreds of peacocks.

6. Loktak Lake

Loktak Lake, northeastern India’s most significant natural freshwater lake, is home to unique ecosystems known as ‘Phumdi’. Phumdi is a Manipuri word meaning floating mats of soil, vegetation, and organic matter. These phumdis, which resemble small islands, may be found floating in various forms on the gorgeous freshwater lake that serves as a lifeline for the towns surrounding it.

The Keibul Lamjao National Park, located on the lake’s southwestern shore, adds to the lake’s uniqueness. It is home to the endangered Manipuri brow-antlered deer, Sangai, and is the world’s first floating national park. There are 233 kinds of aquatic plants, over 100 species of birds, and 425 species of animals in this biodiversity hotspot!

7. Gandikota Canyon

Gandikota Canyon
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Gandikota, a 300-foot-deep valley in Andhra Pradesh’s Cuddapah district, is evocative of the spectacular Grand Canyon in the United States. The canyon is also notable for the 13th-century Gandikota Fort, an elaborately carved fortress composed of red sandstone that is over a thousand years old.

Few places in India can compare to Gandikota in terms of inspiring awe. For some, peering over the edge of this massive hole in the earth is thrilling enough, but to truly appreciate the canyon’s majesty, climb to the top for breathtaking views of the river Pennar running through the wooded canyon.

8. Needle Hole Point

It may appear to be carved by an artisan, but it isn’t! Mother Nature’s handiwork! The natural rock formations of Needle Hole Point are well-known. The resulting spectacle resembles an elephant’s trunk, earning it the nickname “Elephant Point.”

Needle Hole Point is located 15 minutes (7 kilometers) from Mahabaleshwar. The beauty of the point is the rock formation from which it gets its name, which is a favorite with tourists and visitors. It’s a sliver hole between two rocks with the structure of a needle hole and the appearance of a standing elephant, making it a natural phenomenon and a sight to behold.

9. Hogenakkal Falls

The river Cauvery cascades from a height of 150 feet, generating a spray that seems more like smoke than mist, and is appropriately named Hogenakkal (“smoking rocks” in Kannada).

Hogenakkal is a succession of smaller waterfalls that unite into a stream that meanders towards the hills in the distance, bounded on both sides by massive black granite boulders. A tranquil coracle trip along this stream leads to a makeshift market selling freshly fried fish, as well as a closer look at the little cafes dotting the rugged cliffs that line the stream’s side.

10. Krishna’s Butterball or Balancing Rock

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One of the rarest spectacles on the planet is the creation of the ‘Balancing Rock.’ This massive boulder, which stands 20 feet (6 meters) tall, is 5 meters broad, and weighs more than 250 tonnes, lies on a slick hillside. It may appear to be rolling down the slope, yet it is pretty stable and has never toppled. Isn’t it intriguing?

11. The Living Root Bridge

In the ferocious rainy season of Meghalaya’s Cherrapunji, Centuries-old living bridges spanning swift-flowing streams provide a secure alternative to the easily damaged wooden bridges. The 180-year-old Nongriat double-decker bridge, the Ritymmen Root Bridge (the largest at 30 m), and the Mawsaw Root Bridge are also well-known examples (with several natural swimming holes nearby).

The native Khasi people created these bridges by tying the naturally developing roots of Ficus Elastica rubber trees (native to the area) through hollow betel nut tree trunks to produce a stronger structure over time. After creation, they don’t need to be maintained, with thicker roots improving the base’s sturdiness and smaller vines sprouting into a protective railing.

12. Rann of Kutch

A trip to the seasonal salt marshes of The Great Rann of Kutch is a visual treat. It is one of the world’s biggest salt deserts. spanning 2,897 square miles, and noted for its immaculate and bizarre white vistas. On a full moon night, when the beach and sky are both ‘white,’. This magnificent location is a sight to see – a vista unlike any other!

13. Marble Rocks of Bhedaghat

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The marble rocks of Bhedaghat, located on the banks of the Narmada River. Approximately 25 kilometers from Jabalpur, are symbolic of the region’s ancient geology, which can be characterized by marble-like limestone rocks. It has raised over aeons into their present rough relief. A significant quantity of magnesium in these rocks gives them a white-grey color and a soapstone-like feel.

The spectacular picture is formed by the vast granite cliffs. Rising perpendicularly from the calm blue-green waters of the river at Bhedaghat amazes not just because of their height (approximately 100 feet). A shaky boat trip down the 3 km gap that runs between these canyon-like rocks or a brief diversion to absorb the spectacular splendor of the neighboring Dhuandhar waterfall are also options.

14. The Amarnath Caves

Amarnath Cave, located at the height of 3,888 meters (12755.9 feet) above sea level is visited by millions of worshippers every year. It is one of Hinduism’s most hallowed sanctuaries. It is thought to be around 5000 years old. And remembered for its magnificent ice stalagmite formations, which led to the Hindu god Lord Shiva’s “ice lingam” in the cave. The ice lingam, however, gradually thaws throughout the summer months as the temperature rises.

15. Sangetstar Lake

Sangetsar Lake was formed as a consequence of an earthquake and is breathtaking in its beauty. Locals pronounce it as high-altitude lake Sho-Nga-seir, after the Shok-Tsen town. After turning into a lake due to an earthquake in 1971. It’s also known as Madhuri Lake after the actress starred in the film Koyla, and Buddhists in both India and Tibet hold it in high regard.

Several dead tree trunks rise from the lake’s tranquil waters, providing a hauntingly picturesque scene for tourists. To visit this lake, you’ll need a special permit from the District Commissioner’s (DC) office in Tawang (approximately 30 km distant).

16. Hide and Seek Beach

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The beach isn’t called ‘Hide-and-Seek’ for anything. The seawater recedes up to 5 kilometers (3 miles) during low tide, leaving behind dunes and casuarina plants. You must see this unusual, one-of-a-kind natural phenomenon at least once in your life!

17. Chandipur Beach

The lovely Chandipur beach in Odisha’s Balasore district is home to a rarely seen phenomenon anywhere else in the world. Every day, the sea recedes during ebb until it practically vanishes. Then reappears later to fill the enormous gap created by high tide.

The water comes to play hide-and-seek twice a day. This is why the beach is home to various unusual species (like the horseshoe crab and the red crab). Watching the sea evaporate before your eyes and walking on the bare seabed that stretches for over five kilometers is a strange experience.

18. Columnar Basaltic Lava

These aren’t ordinary rocks. They’re the result of volcanic explosions. Their unusual geometrical shape distinguishes them. It is located in Malpe, Karnataka’s Udupi district, and is only accessible by boat from the Malpe fishing harbor. It should be on the bucket list of every geology enthusiast!

19. Yana Rocks

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Yana village’s stunning black monoliths are set among Karnataka’s Uttara Kannada district’s primeval woods and undulating hills. The formation, crystalline Karst limestone, includes two notable rock outcrops (known as Bhairaveshwara Shikhara and Mohini Shikhara). A cave shrine at the base of the towering rock giants holds an annual event during Maha Shivratri.

Yana rock is a 3-kilometer hike that the temple’s priest is eager to share. Until recently, Yana’s monoliths were virtually obscure when they became famous after being included in the Kannada film Nammoora Mandara Hoove!

20. Majuli Island

Majuli Island is the world’s largest river island with nature’s incomparable beauty and rich culture. It is situated in the pristine Brahmaputra river and covers over 352sq kilometers.

It features two cities, Garamur and Kamalabari, and several small villages strewn over the countryside. This famous tourist destination in Assam is an oasis of tranquillity, apart from the noise of the contemporary world. People may be seen living in bamboo huts. Creating goods by hand, and cooking over an open fire on this island. This is an ancient world in and of itself. There’s a lot of natural beauty here, as well as a lot of animals and perfect peacefulness.

21. Krem Liat Prah Cave

There are over a thousand caves, fissures on the southern slopes of the Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya. Not all of them have been investigated. The longest cave in India, Krem Liat Prah Cave, found in 2006, is one of them. It is estimated to be 34 kilometers long. Although it may be much longer if neighboring cave systems are discovered to be linked.

Krem Liat Prah Cave, an excellent place for spelunking or caving with rough rock formations, beautiful stalactites, small tunnels, tiny ponds, and eerie reflections. Exploring this cave is a fascinating experience you won’t soon forget. Prepare to climb, squeeze, duck, and even crawl your way through it like Indiana Jones!

22. Barren Island

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Barren Island, some 135 kilometers south of the territory’s capital, Port Blair, is home to India’s only confirmed active volcano. This island, situated on seismically active tectonic plates in the Andaman Sea can only be viewed from afar while on a ship. No one is permitted to have a close look. Barren Island is a 3 km-wide rugged rocky island. The volcano last erupted in 1991 and then again in 1994-95.

The volcano’s crater, which frequently emits light flashes into the sky, is roughly half a kilometer from the coast. As your ship cuts through the wide expanse of the water, this trip is a thrilling experience. Sit on deckchairs at the ship’s bow to enjoy the first glimpse of this tropical paradise with its raging volcano! This location is famous for the fact that it is devoid of human habitation. The Forest Department requires visitors to get permits.

23. Reverse Waterfall at Sinhagad

Malshej Ghat, on the summit of Maharashtra’s Western Ghats, runs along the sole motorable route between Kalyan and Ahmednagar. Sinhagad Fort, perched along this beautiful ghat, is a popular weekend retreat for Pune residents. The mountainside along this stretch of road gets a facelift every monsoon. With lush vegetation and babbling, streams are infusing life into the dusty brown ground.

Anyone can witness a reversing waterfall near the Sinhagad fort during this season. Reverse waterfalls are a unique gravity-defying phenomenon. It occurs during heavy monsoons when water starts pouring uphill due to significant wind pressure. A visit here includes a beautiful hike and photo opportunities. And the unusual sensation of standing at the top of a waterfall and being soaked with its reverse-flowing water!

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